If you are tired of wearing contact lenses or glasses you might think about getting LASIK surgery to correct your vision. A LASIK eye procedure can be the best eye treatment available however there are certain things you will need to consider to come up with an informed decision before finally getting the surgery. In a LASIK eye surgery, a laser is typically use to reshape your cornea, depending on your prescription, eye structure and overall eye condition. The cornea is part of the eye which is the common goal of LASIK surgery, in order to improve the way your eyes focus light rays into your retina. Before signing up for your surgery, here are a few things you will need to understand.
Understanding the Eyes
We see clearly because of our cornea and its lens which refract the light rays so they focus on our retina. A retina is the layer of our eyes which is made up of light-sensing cells which line the back of our eyes. It is also responsible in converting the light rays our eyes perceive into impulses which are then sent to our brains in order to recognize them as images. When these light rays aren't focus on our retina, the image we can see would appear hazy or blurry. This condition is called refractive error. To correct this refractive error we will be using contact lenses, glasses or undergo a refractive surgery like LASIK in order to make the light rays focus and correct the vision.
Refractive errors are usually caused by imperfectly shaped lens or cornea describe by different eye conditions. Astigmatism is an eye condition where the person perceive images as blurry regardless if they are far or near. Hyperoria refers to the condition when the person only perceive objects which are far always as distinct or clear, also refers to farsightedness. Nearsightedness or myopia is when only nearby objects are clearly perceived by the person.
The Basics of LASIK
LASIK eye surgery will help treat certain degree of any eye conditions mentioned above – nearsightedness, farsightedness and astigmatism. However, the chance of success of this surgery reduces when the refractive error present is severe. In such case the patient is likely need to have another treatment. LASIK surgery is done with the use of laser called excimer. This is utilized to change the shape of the cornea where the surgeon will create a thin flap and then folded back after necessary amount of corneal tissue is removed by the laser.
It has been said that LASIK is almost painless and could last for only about 15 to 30 minutes. The process is outpatient so the patient is not required to stay in the surgery center overnight. The patient can go home after the surgery, wait for the healing process which can only take few days and see the world with an improved vision.
Every LASIK patient has q unique set of eye health circumstance and lifestyle goals therefore it is necessary to carefully assess your conditions and selecting the surgeon before the surgery. Here are the important questions you will need to ask to determine whether or not you are making the right choice for your eye treatment.
1. What results can I reasonably expect? Can you tell me what might be the best and worst case scenarios?
These questions are not meant to scare you, please remember that. It is to help yourself prepare for all possible outcome of the surgery. Ideally, your surgeon will explain your eye conditions from the results of your initial consultation. With proper evaluation and careful assessment of your eye structure, the surgeon will determine the potential risks associated during and after the procedures. A good doctor will answer you with all honesty, give you handouts to properly understand your own eye condition but will guide you on how the procedure could help you or not.
2. What happens after the surgery?
Though you have heard and made research regarding the effects of LASIK eye surgery it is very important that you know what exactly happens after your own surgery. The laser eye doctor should discuss these things with you so you can also properly prepare the things you will be needing after the surgery. In general, the surgeon will set a schedule a followup within 24 hours following your surgery. Additionally, a regular followup visit within six months from the date of your surgery is highly important to determine any possibly post surgery complications at earliest time. Also, these should be the time to monitor your eye health.
3. What is your experience?
This question is very important to ask to your chosen eye doctor. A good LASIK surgeon should have been in the practice for many years, the more their experience in the field, the better. Also, always make sure to ask for clarification and background check if the surgeon claims a long history in the practice. When asking about the experience of the doctor, find out how many of his LASIK procedures were performed successful and how many of those cases were corrected a problem that is similar to yours.
4. Where can I speak a former patients of yours?
Do not just believe whatever they feed to you, always do yourself a favor of verifying their words through finding patient testimonials. Ask to talk to their former patients, usually doctors kept contact information of their former patients. Do not be surprised if you will only be connected with only satisfied patients. You could still use that opportunity to ask and understand the things to expect with your laser eye surgery or address any concerns you have regarding the process.
5. I have heard of this side effect, am I at Risk? What are the possible retreatment options?
Be brave enough to face all the possibilities, although it isn't feel comfortable ask the negative to determine your options and your surgeon's capacity. An ideal surgeon will tell you right away of you are a greater risk of developing any possible undesirable conditions. However, learn how he can possibly help you with your condition with his expertise in the field.