Expert Tips on Post LASIK Eye Care

Monday, December 08, 2014

Patients suffering from vision problems, like farsightedness, nearsightedness and astigmatism, have seen hope in the introduction of LASIK eye surgery. This state-of-the-art technology provides permanent resolution to the most common eye conditions.

LASIK aims to correct the condition by making modifications on the actual lens of the patient’s eye through the use of laser technology. This eradicates the need of wearing eyeglasses or contact lenses, so patients who underwent successful operation can live without much dependence on artificial lenses.

Pre-Surgical Considerations

Like any other surgical procedures, patients who wish to undergo LASIK treatment must go through extensive pre-surgical consultation to identify if he is a suitable candidate for the operation. An ophthalmologist will conduct a series of examinations to test the physical and anatomical conditions of a patient. This increases the success rate of the procedure while playing down the possibilities of risk.

Age, physical health and eye conditions are among the predominant factors to be considered. A patient must be of legal age to undergo this process, although exceptions are made on certain cases. Pregnant women must not be exposed to lasers, too.

Most importantly, the eye condition of the patient will be closely examined to determine if the procedure is likely to succeed or not. Patients with remarkably dry eyes may not undergo this process because the laser can further reduce the moisture in the eyes. The operation may not be performed on patients with irregular or extremely thin corneas either, to avoid the possibility of refractive errors resulting to over- or under-correction.

Possible Complications

The US FDA considers LASIK Eye Surgery to be safe. As technology evolves and more practitioners are gaining experience in this field, the success rate for this operation is also overwhelming.

Notwithstanding, certain conditions may trigger possible complications. Rare instances of irregular astigmatism were also noted resulting from the surgery. This may have resulted from the surgeon’s inefficiency or lack of experience. Luckily, this condition can be corrected through an enhancement surgery.

Although relatively low, there were also cases of epithelial in-growth reported at less than 2 percent. Meanwhile, eye infections have also been identified. These conditions could be a result of improper post-surgical care. 

Reducing the Risks

The screening process is primarily designed to increase the chances of successful operation while lessening the likelihood of developing complications. Besides conducting examinations and evaluations, the ophthalmologist is also responsible for making the patient understand the risks that come with the procedure as well as their responsibilities before, during and after the operation.

The eye surgeon must openly discuss the entire process regarding the operation, its risks and limitations. Now, it is up to the patient to decide whether to proceed with the operation or not. This is the best time for the patients to ask any questions or raise their concerns regarding the procedure.

Post-Surgical Care

Patients must be extra careful during the early stages of their postoperative period due to the extreme sensitivity of their condition. Any contact with the eyes must be avoided. There are also other tips on post LASIK eye care as follows:

1.    Wear protective gears. Following the operation, the eyes become highly sensitive. Even the slightest touch or gentlest light can cause discomfort and irritation. Postoperative kit includes eye shield or goggles to protect your eyes. It is advisable to wear the goggles for the first seven nights after the laser eye surgery.

2.    Avoid dusty environment. The eyes are naturally moisturized to protect it from foreign objects like dust. However, after the surgery, the eyes become unusually dry. This makes it susceptible to infection caused by dirt and dust.

3.    Avoid rubbing your eyes. As the eyes heal, it is normal to feel a sense of discomfort. The operated eye might feel itchy, but you must not rub it. The postoperative kit contains an eye drop that you can use to relieve yourself of discomfort.

4.    Avoid getting soap in your eye. Body bath can be performed after the surgery provided no water gets splashed to the eye. You can wash your hair with head tilted backwards so the water runs toward the back of the head. When doing face wash, it is advisable to use a clean, soft, damp towel to wipe your face. Be careful when using other products like shaving lotion or hairspray, too.

5.   Avoid strenuous physical activities. Normal routines, such as reading, walking and watching television can be resumed effectively following an operation. However, you must avoid straining yourself and refrain from strenuous activities like jogging, gardening, lifting, swimming, aerobics and participating in contact sports for a month or two.

6.    Take enough rest. The eyes are in constant use when you are awake. Straining your eyes do not help in its healing process. Make sure that you get enough hours of sleep.

7.    Watch your diet. There is no strict diet for patients who underwent laser eye surgery. Yet, you must be on the alert with the type and amount of food you eat because it helps in your recovery process. High fiber diet and lots of fluid are encouraged to avoid constipation. Any restrictions for pre-existing medical problems must also be continued.

8.    Visit your doctor regularly. There are postoperative appointments you should stick to. Normally, you have to see the surgeon a day following the operation, so the eye doctor can assess the results of the surgery. The next visit will be scheduled one week after, then a month, three months and six months.

The success of the operation does not solely depend on the expertise of the surgeon. Rather, it relies on the overall process- from the consultation to the postoperative care. The skills of an eye doctor have no effect at all when the patient fails to follow what has been prescribed. On the contrary, the inability to follow the doctor’s instructions may lead to more harm than help. Infections are likely to develop when the eyes are not properly taken care of after the surgery.

If you took the time and exerted effort to find the right practitioner for you, it only makes sense to fulfill your responsibilities and heed the doctor’s tips on post LASIK eye care for a successful operation. 

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